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Land Use includes these variables:

  • Compensation required for or economic assessment required before regulatory

    Is state and local eminent domain policy stricter than federal policy?
  • Local rent control laws exist?

    This variable indicates the presence, or absence, of laws that limit the amount a landlord may charge a tenant.
  • Wharton Residential Land Use Regulatory Index

    Wharton Residential Land Use Regulatory Index
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Rankings - Land Use

1. Kansas 2. Louisiana 3. Missouri 4. Indiana 5. West Virginia 6. Mississippi 7. Alaska 8. South Dakota 9. Iowa 10. Nebraska 10. Tennessee 12. Alabama 13. Idaho 14. Arkansas 15. North Dakota 16. South Carolina 17. Texas
17. Wyoming 19. Oklahoma 20. Montana 21. North Carolina 22. Kentucky 23. Virginia 24. Nevada 25. Oregon 26. Ohio 27. Utah 28. Michigan 29. Georgia 30. Illinois 31. Florida 32. New Mexico 33. Arizona 34. Wisconsin
35. Minnesota 36. Delaware 37. Vermont 38. Pennsylvania 39. Connecticut 40. Washington 41. Colorado 42. Maine 43. New Hampshire 44. Massachusetts 45. Rhode Island 46. Hawaii 47. New York 48. California 49. Maryland 50. New Jersey

Freedom in the 50 States

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How the Rankings Are Calculated

We score all 50 states on over 200 policies encompassing fiscal policy, regulatory policy, and personal freedom. We weight public policies according to the estimated costs that government restrictions on freedom impose on their victims.

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The Authors

William P. Ruger Picture

William P. Ruger

William P. Ruger is Vice President of Policy and Research at the Charles Koch Institute and Charles Koch Foundation. Ruger is the author of the biography Milton Friedman and a coauthor of The State of Texas: Government, Politics, and Policy. His work has been published in International Studies Quarterly, State Politics and Policy Quarterly, Armed Forces and Society, and other outlets. Ruger earned an AB from the College of William and Mary and a PhD in politics from Brandeis University. He is a veteran of the war in Afghanistan.

Jason Sorens Picture

Jason Sorens

Jason Sorens is Lecturer in the Department of Government at Dartmouth College. His primary research interests include fiscal federalism, public policy in federal systems, secessionism, and ethnic politics. His work has been published in International Studies Quarterly, Comparative Political Studies, Journal of Peace Research, State Politics and Policy Quarterly, and other academic journals, and his book Secessionism: Identity, Interest, and Strategy was published by McGill-Queen’s University Press in 2012. Sorens received his BA in economics and philosophy, with honors, from Washington and Lee University and his PhD in political science from Yale University.